2017 is popularly known as the year of web apps and API’s. Rather than reinventing the wheel each and every time, developers started making use of scaffoldings and third-party libraries to ensure projects especially the ones which are ready for live deployments within days. No doubt API’s and cross-platform libraries have made web development easier, they haven’t solved the age-old question that still stumps and divides developers, managers and customers alike.
“PHP V/S Python- Which Is Better For Server Side Development?”
About PHP & Python
PHP and Python are the two most popular high-level programming languages available across the globe. PHP was traditionally used as a server-side scripting language while Python is highly valued for its dynamics, availability, and simplicity. Despite having the most identical popularity among programmers, these languages have many specifics and differences. In order to get to a conclusion, it is worth looking at origins of these languages and the goals their creators pursued first.
Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 created a number of components and extensions that extended capabilities of the most popular than C language. Initially, the components were created to facilitate the management of the Rasmus’s own website. Later on, developers quickly appreciated the new features and began to actively implement them. The constant use and extension of PHP resulted in the emergence and growth of the community.
Today, the language PHP isn’t just popular but almost over 80% of the modern websites are based on it. It is constantly being evolved and complemented by the developer team and members of a large user community together. It is a safe bet to say that PHP is on the peak now and it is still very much in talks among developers as well as the end users.
- Free Software released under PHP license
- Easy to Learn
- Large community of PHP developers and users
- Provides extensive database support
- Offers great number of available extensions and source codes
- Enables easy execution of code especially in restricted environments
- Provides native session management and extension API
- A great alternative to competitors like Microsoft’s ASP (Active Server Pages)
- Can be deployed on most web servers
- Works on almost every operating system and platform
Who uses PHP? – Zend, Yahoo, Facebook, Google, NASA, W3C
Python is five years older than its competitor PHP. Developed by Guido van Rossum back in 1989 as the ABC language replacement. Python gained its name among developers in the year 2000, after the release of Python 2.0 which featured a complete Unicode support. Unlike PHP, Python was engineered as a full stack programming language, irrelative of web development. And maybe that is the reason why it is not so popular on the web. Unfortunately, today less than 1% of websites is created and managed using Python.
It is a safe bet to consider Python as one of the most high-level non-scripting language design for programmers especially the ones who aim to express concepts with fewer lines of code. The elegant design and syntax rules have succeeded in making the language quite readable even among the multi-programmer development teams. Moreover, it supports multiple ways of building the structure and elements of computer programs, including object-oriented and functional programming.
- Easy and quick to learn
- Runs on multiple systems and platforms
- Readable and organized syntax
- Offers rapid prototyping and dynamic semantics capabilities
- Great community support
- Easily construct applications by testing and importing crucial functions
- Reusability through carefully implementing packages and modules
- Object Oriented Programming-driven
Who uses Python? – Yahoo Map, Zope Corporation, Linux Weekly News, Shopzilla, Ultraseek
Do they have anything in common?
At first, it may seem flawed to compare the two languages originally created for different purposes. However, the good news is both the languages have a number of common properties that make them popular. Moreover, they are easy to learn especially in comparison to C++, Perl, and others. These languages are also accompanied by the extensive and detailed documentation. Being open source, both the languages can be updated and advanced by users with the sole purpose of improvement. PHP and Python, both comprises of wide and friendly developer communities facilitate the process of learning and working of the language. If we see in terms of Portability and versatility: both languages have IDEs for all the major operating systems.
And speaking of the major differences…
If you are choosing a language for development, it’s but obvious of you to consider the differences.
Development logic- One of the most important difference between PHP and Python is their orientation. Python is aspect oriented. Which means it separates the program functionality and splits the program into separate modules. Whereas PHP is object-oriented that encapsulates code modules that contain functions and data into objects.
Working with Python is all about developers creating separate functional modules and register connections between them on the “if-then” basis. This will result in an algorithm that executes this or that program block based on the user’s actions. Whereas, in PHP you get to create an integral code object that has certain properties and executes certain actions depending on the user input.
Syntax- The syntax of any language is constituted by its fundamental “grammatical” rules. The main difference between various languages lays in its syntax. PHP’s syntax is quite similar to that of C. When writing the code using this language, curly brackets, additional characters and operators, and other C elements are used.
On the contrary, the syntax of Python is based on the separation of the code with spaces and tabs, which speeds up the process of coding. However, this could increase the possibility of careless errors.
What to Choose?
Several debates have been going around the corner about which of the languages is more user-friendly and most applicable: PHP or Python? However, to choose the best of two, it all eventually comes down to the purpose of development. For this, you can further seek help from an eminent PHP development company named eTatvaSoft, which is commercial, though not very pricey.